The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a joint program of the United States Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and the State of Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.

AVO was formed in 1988, and uses federal, state and university resources to monitor and study Alaska's hazardous volcanoes, predict and record eruptive activity, and mitigate volcanic hazards to life and property.

AVO has three primary objectives:

  • To conduct monitoring and other scientific investigations in order to assess the nature, timing, and likelihood of volcanic activity;
  • To assess volcanic hazards associated with anticipated activity, including kinds of events, their effects and areas at risk; and
  • To provide timely and accurate information on volcanic hazards, and warnings of impending dangerous activity, to local, state and federal officials and the public.