The goal of cryospheric research at the Geophysical Institute is to understand the properties and processes which occur within snow, ice and permafrost, their role in the shaping of the landscape, and their influence on climate and impact on the biosphere. Studies include field investigations throughout the arctic, antarctic, and mountainous regions of our planet, with increasing participation in the exploration of Mars and Jovian satellites.

SnowIce Ice Permafrost ice illustration